Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment APEX
OLD pages, check new site
APEX-1 (230 GHz)
MPIfR Bonn   ESO   Onsala Space Observatory

Home > Instrumentation > SHeFI receivers > APEX-1 (230 GHz) > APEX-1 Characteristics

APEX-1 characteristics

Receiver Temperatures

Current performance

The noise temperatures of the receiver are measured continuously by fetching the corresponding information from our observation database. The image below shows the latest results, using data obtained between June 2014 and January 2015.

APEX-1 Receiver Temperatures

Receiver temperature vs. time

Because of improvements of the receiver, the receiver temperatures now are significant below those measured after the installation in 2008. For selected lines/frequencies (those which form part of the APEX-1 calibration plan), we have collected the numbers since 2008.

Frequency [GHz] 218.222 220.399 230.538 230.538 241.791 244.936 244.936 265.886
Spectral Line H2CO(3-2)L 13CO(2-1)L 12CO(2-1)L 12CO(2-1)U CH3OH(5-4)L CS(5-4)L CS(5-4)U HCN(3-2)U
Trec vs. time¹
¹ The high values for the receiver temperatures in the first half of 2014 visible in some plots are a result of temporary receiver nonlinearities; see SHeFI issues Mar-Jun 2014.

Just for completeness, we still maintain information about the receiver temperatures measured during the commissioning of the receiver in 2008. Keep in mind that those numbers do no reflect the current receiver performance.

Sideband Rejection

The sideband rejection was measured during the commissioning of the instrument in 2008. It is generally better than 15dB, depending on frequency.
First measurements had been taken on site with the receiver tuned to the CO(2-1) frequency in USB. We used a spectrum analyzer and injected a narrow test signal which is moved in frequency to span the 4-8 GHz of the IF (Results).
Additional measurements were made on-sky using strong sources and the receiver was tuned to discrete frequencies, alternatively in LSB and USB to have the line either in the signal or image band. The results are summarized in the following table:

Source Line @ sideband Signal intensity [K] Image intensity [K] Rejection [dB]
WB947 CO(2-1) USB 40.8 < 0.1 > 26
WB947 CO(2-1) LSB 46.6 < 0.1 > 27
IRAS16293 13CO(2-1) LSB 15.0 < 0.7 > 13
IRAS16293 HCO+(3-2) USB 17.0 < 0.2 > 19